This page contains the most commonly used terminology you may encounter in Taekwondo however there may be some slight differences between the terminology used in your club and the spellings used.

 

General Terms

Dojang - Training Hall
Dobok - Training suit
Tee - Belt
Sa Boem Nim - Instructor
Kwang Jang Nim - Master
Kook Gie - National Flag
Poomse - Pattern
Injun - High section target
Myongchi - Middle section target
Chagi - Kick
Jirugi - Punch
Chirugi - Thrust
Chigi - Strike
Makki - Block
Seogi - Stance
Oreun - Right
Wen - Left
Kyukpa - Destruction

Kicks

Chagi - Kick
Ap Chagi - Front kick
Yop Chagi - Side Kick
Dollyo Chagi - Turning Kick
Dwi Chagi - Back Kick
Chigo Chagi - Axe/chop kick
Golcho Chagi - Hook Kick
Bandae Dollyo Chagi - Reverse turning kick
Bit Chagi - Half turning kick
Mireo Chagi - Push Kick
Ap Dolyo Chagi - Front turning Kick
Bitero Chagi - Twisting Kick
An Bandal Chagi - Inward crescent Kick
Bakat Bandal Chagi - Outward crescent kick
Bada Chagi - Counter Kick
Twio Chagi - Jumping kick
Gawi Chagi - Scissor kick
Doobal Dangseong Chagi - Two feet alternate kick
Ap Oligi - Rising kick

Sparring Terms

Kyeorugi - Sparring
Ho Goo - Body protector
Ja Wang Woo - Face about
Deuk Jum - Point
Kyong Go - Warning
Gam Jum - Deduction Point
Galyo - Break
Key Sork - Continue
Shigan - Time
Chung - Competitor wearing Blue
Hong - Competitor wearing red

Parts of the Foot

Bal - Foot
Apchook - Ball of foot
Balnal - Outside edge of foot
Dwichook - Bottom of heel
Dwicumchi - Back of heel
Baldeung - Top of foot
Balnaldeung - Inside edge of foot
Balbadak - Bottom of foot

 

Commands

Charyot - Attention
Kyong Ye - Bow
Junbi - Ready
Shijak - Start
Geuman - Stop
Dwiro Dorra - Turn around
Barro -  (Return to start)
Shi Yo - Relax
Haessan - Dismiss

Stances

Charyot Seogi - Attention Stance
Junbi Seogi - Ready Stance
Joochum Seogi - Horse riding stance
Ap Seogi - Short stance
Apkoobi - Long stance
Dwikoobi - Back stance
Ap Koa Seogi - Front X stance
Beom Seogi - Tiger stance
Haktari Seogi - Crane stance
Tomilgi Junbi Seogi - Pushing hands ready stance

Blocks

Arae Makki - Low block
Momtong Makki - Middle block
Eogool Makki - High block
An Makki - Inward block
Sonnal Makki - Knifehand block
Godero Makki - Guarding block
Eotgoreo Makki - X block
Yop Makki - Side block
An Palmok Makki - Inner forearm block
Bakat Palmok Makki -Outer forearm block
Hechyo Makki - Wedging Block
Gawi Makki - Scissor Block
Batang Son Makki - Palm block
Sonnal Deung Makki - Reverse knifehand
Bitero Makki - Twisting Block
Keumgang Makki - Diamond block
Santeul Makki - Mountain block
Wesanteul Makki - Half mountain block

Body Parts

Pal - Arm
Eogool - Face
Momtong - Body
Arae - Groin
An Palmok - Inner forearm
Bakat Palmok - Outer forearm
Palkoop - Elbow
Dari - Leg
Meorup - Knee
Son - Hand
Bal - Foot
Meo Ri - Head
Mok - Neck
Teok - Chin
Ko - Nose
Noon - Eye
Ip - Mouth

 

Counting

Hana - One
Dool - Two
Set - Three
Net - Four
Dasut - Five
Yausut - Six
Ilgope - Seven
Yaudul - Eight
Ahope - Nine
Yaul - Ten
Il - First
Ee - Second
Sam - Third
Sah - Fourth
Oh - Fifth
Yuk - Sixth
Chil - Seventh
Pal - Eighth
Koo - Ninth
Sip - Tenth

Striking Techniques

Sonnal Chigi - Knifehand strike
Deung Jeomok Chigi - Back fist strike
Sonnal Deung Chigi - Reverse knifehand 
Mei Keomok Chigi - Hammer fist strike
Mok Chigi - Neck strike
Teok Chigi - Chin strike
Palkoop Chigi - Elbow strike
Jabee Poom mok chigi - Swift neck strike

Thrust Techniques

Pyonsonkeut Chirugi - Fingertip thrust
Batang Son Chirugi - Palm thrust
Agwison Chirugi - Arc hand thrust
Gawisonkeut Chirugi - Scissor Finger Thrust

Punching Techniques

Yop Jirugi - Side punch
Chi Jirugi - Upset punch
Sang Chi Jirugi - Twn upset punch
Sang Sawo Jirugi - Twin vertical punch
Dolyo Jirugi - Turning punch

Parts of the Hand

Son - Hand
Jeomok - Fist
Sonnal - Knifehand
Sonnal Deung - Reverse Knifehand
Pyeonsonkeut - Fingertip
Agwison - Arc Hand
Ap Jeomok - Forefist
Deung Jeomok - Back fist
Mei Jeomok - Hammer fist
Bam Jeomok - Single knuckle fist
Bo Jeomok - Covered fist